How to get the COVID-19 vaccine? Here are all the questions you want to know

1 What vaccine is used this time?

  Answer: It is a whole virus inactivated vaccine. It is a vaccine prepared by chemical methods to make the new coronavirus lose its infectivity and replication ability, while retaining the activity of causing the human immune response. The advantage of inactivated vaccines is the traditional and classic vaccine preparation method, which is a mature, reliable and classic vaccine research and development method. Compared with other technical routes, the inactivated vaccine research and development platform is mature, the production process is stable, the quality standard is controllable, the protection effect is good, the research and development speed is fast, and it is easy to scale production, and has internationally accepted safety and effectiveness evaluation standards.

  2 When will the public start vaccination?

  Answer: From January to February 2021, Beijing will organize the vaccinations against the new coronavirus for nine key populations. Relevant vaccinators are requested to carry out vaccinations in an orderly manner in accordance with the notification arrangements of their units and districts. The current vaccination strategy is to follow the “two-step” plan. The first step is mainly to carry out vaccination for key populations, including those who are engaged in import cold chain, port quarantine, ship piloting, aviation air service, fresh food market, public transportation, medical disease control and other personnel with relatively high risk of infection, as well as those who go to medium and high risks. People who go to work or study in a country or region. In the second step, with the conditional approval of the vaccine for marketing and the gradual increase in vaccine production, more vaccines will be put into use. Through the orderly implementation of vaccination, eligible people can achieve “everything should be done.”

  3 Where is the vaccination? How to make an appointment?

  Answer: There are two types of vaccination sites: vaccination clinics and temporary vaccination sites. Relevant vaccinators are requested to pay attention to the notices of their units and districts and conduct vaccinations in an orderly manner.

   Individual appointments are not currently used, and the relevant departments in the jurisdiction will organize the vaccination work in an orderly manner. Persons who leave the country for work or study for private purposes can hold a local household register or residence permit, passport, valid visa (excluding visa-free countries or visa-on-arrival countries) and necessary certification materials, such as air tickets, certificates issued by labor service companies, and overseas schools The issued admission notice or invitation letter, etc., go to the neighborhood (township) or community service station where you live for data review. After the review is passed, you can go to the designated vaccination agency for vaccination. Please pay attention to the relevant notices of each district.

  4 How many shots do you get?

  Answer: The recommended immunization program is 2 injections, at least 14 days apart, and the vaccination site is the deltoid muscle of the upper arm. Arbitrary adjustment of immune program may affect safety, immune response effect and immune durability. Please strictly follow the vaccine instructions for the time interval of COVID-19 vaccination. After the first dose of vaccine, the inoculation unit has the responsibility to inform the recipient of the time of the second dose. Please follow the appointment time of the vaccination unit for the second dose of vaccination.

  5 What are the benefits of vaccination?

Answer: The Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council held a press conference to announce that more than 60,000 people in my country who have received emergency vaccination have gone to high-risk areas abroad. After strict follow-up observation, no serious infection case reports have been found. Some cases of cluster infection show that the risk and severity of infection for people who have been vaccinated are lower than those for people who have not been vaccinated. After vaccination, it can stimulate the body to produce immunity against the new coronavirus, suggesting that the vaccine has potential clinical application value.

  6 Will virus mutation affect the vaccine effect?

  Answer: Viruses are one of the simplest organisms, and their proliferation depends on living cells. In the process of multiplication, the virus will mutate, and most of the mutations will not affect the pathogenicity of the virus, the sensitivity of the detection reagent and the effectiveness of the vaccine. According to the latest information released by the World Health Organization, from the global monitoring of the mutation of the new coronavirus, there is no evidence that the virus mutation will invalidate the existing new coronavirus vaccine. The World Health Organization Global New Coronavirus Laboratory Network includes a special SARS-CoV-2 virus mutation evolution working group, which is rapidly detecting new mutations of the virus and assessing its possible impact in a timely manner, which will also provide for the subsequent development and application of vaccines. Early warning and scientific analysis basis.

  7 How long does the antibody last after vaccination?

  Answer: The current evidence suggests that according to the requirements of the World Health Organization, the protection period of the vaccine reaches more than half a year, and there is basically no problem.

  8 What are the possible adverse reactions? What should I do if there is an adverse reaction?

  Answer: Common adverse reactions mainly include the following aspects: headache and fever, local blush at the vaccination site, or lumps, and some people have cough, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea and other common adverse reactions.

   After the vaccination is completed, the vaccination subject should stay at the vaccination site for 30 minutes before leaving. The on-site staff will inform the recipient of the common adverse reactions, precautions, follow-up health observations, disposal suggestions and contact information. If symptoms related to adverse reactions occurred after returning home, report to the staff at the vaccination site and seek medical attention if necessary.

  9 Who are not suitable for vaccination?

Answer: People who are not suitable for vaccination include pregnant women, breastfeeding women, people who are in the acute phase of fever, infection and other diseases, people suffering from immunodeficiency or immune disorders, severe liver and kidney diseases, drug-uncontrollable hypertension, and diabetes complications , Malignant tumor patients and other personnel.

   All vaccinators must read the informed consent form carefully before vaccination. If they are unwell, the vaccination can be postponed. Those who are not in the age range of 18-59 years old need to wait for further clinical trial data disclosure to determine whether they can be vaccinated in the future.

  10 Can I fight for pregnancy? How long can I have a child after vaccination?

  Answer: Pregnant women and breastfeeding women are not allowed to vaccinate. Therefore, women who are preparing to become pregnant must postpone their pregnancy after vaccination. Refer to other inactivated vaccines. It is recommended to get pregnant 3 months after vaccination.

  11 What special circumstances can also be played? Which ones need to be vaccinated as prescribed by a doctor?

Answer: Women can be vaccinated during menstruation; allergic rhinitis should consider the severity of allergies and follow the clinician’s instructions; it should not be vaccinated during gout attacks; the new crown vaccine should not be vaccinated for high blood pressure that cannot be controlled by drugs. Under the condition of maintaining normal blood pressure, the new crown vaccine can be vaccinated in principle. Please follow the clinician’s advice for details; diabetic patients without complications are not in the contraindication range, please follow the clinician’s doctor’s advice.

   Heart disease and coronary heart disease, if coronary atherosclerosis is in the acute stage, vaccination should be postponed. People with chronic diseases can be vaccinated in principle if the medication is well controlled. Please refer to the clinician’s instructions for implementation.

  12 Can it be used with other vaccines?

   Answer: It is not recommended to vaccinate with other vaccines at the same time. At present, all COVID-19 vaccines available in China are inactivated vaccines, which are relatively safe. However, for the new member of the new vaccine family, the new crown vaccine, we recommend that the time of vaccination should be separated from other vaccines, at least two weeks apart, to minimize unexpected interactions, and it is also necessary to closely observe the response after vaccination.

  13 Precautions before and after vaccination?

  Answer: Before vaccinating the new crown vaccine, you should follow the notification of the organization vaccinators, proactively provide your health status, bring your ID card as required, take personal protection, and understand the vaccination process at the vaccination point. When vaccinating, read carefully and truthfully fill in the informed consent form for vaccination. After vaccination, stay for 30 minutes at the vaccination site. After vaccination, ensure that the vaccination site is clean and do not see water on the same day; pay attention to the physical signs within one day after vaccination; if there is persistent fever, you can go to the nearest hospital for medical treatment and report to the vaccination unit.

  14 Do I still have to wear a mask for nucleic acid testing after playing?

   Answer: So far, the protective effect of any vaccine has not reached 100%, and a small number of people may still not have protection or disease after vaccination. At present, the population’s immune barrier has not yet been established. Therefore, after vaccination, personal protective measures such as wearing masks, washing hands frequently, opening windows for ventilation, and maintaining social distancing are still required.

   Vaccination can reduce the risk of infection to a certain extent, but the protective effect of any vaccine cannot reach 100%. If necessary, it should still cooperate with relevant departments to carry out nucleic acid testing.


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