【英語】最全定語從句語法歸納(三)

關係代詞用that(不用which)的情況:

1. 先行詞是all, anything, everything, nothing等,關係代詞應用that

That’s all that he told me.

2.先行詞前有the only, the same, the very 或no, little, much, any, every, all 等修飾時,關係代詞應用that

She is the only person that I know in this company.

3. 先行詞前有序數詞或形容詞最高級修飾時,關係代詞常用that

The first thing that I want to do is to take it away.

4. 當先行詞同時含有”人”或”物”時,關係代詞應用that

5. 在固定結構the same…that…; so…that…; such…that…以及it is/was…that…的強調句型中,要用that

This is the same park that we once visited.

6. 如主句以there be開頭時,關係代詞應用that

There is a room that has two windows.

關係代詞用which(不用that)的情況:

1. 非限制性定語從句中關係代詞一般要用which

She won the competition, which made the whole family very happy.

2. 關係代詞前如有介詞,關係代詞須用 which; 如把介詞移至句末,可用that(或省略)

There’s only one problem about which they disagree.

This is the key (that) she was looking for.

3. 如果先行詞是that,關係代詞應用 which

I know that which you told me.

4. 如先行詞和定語從句之間被其它較長的成分分隔,常用which

Larry told her the story of the young airman which I narrated at the beginning of this book. (先行詞為story)

5. 在”those+複數形式的名詞”結構中,其後的關係代詞多用which

A shop should keep a stock of those goods which sell best.

6. 一個句子中如有兩個定語從句,第一個定語從句用了關係代詞that,第二個從句中的關係代詞宜用which;但在平行結構中,應重複同一個關係代詞

This is the book that you bought which you have lost. 

I have a house which is located on the hillside, which faces the south.

此外,that還可引導同位語從句,which不能

I have heard the news that they had won the game.

有收穫的話,請大家記得點贊哦

【生物】不得不知道的實驗操作知識點(三)

三、果酒及果醋的製作1、成熟紫葡萄,鮮紅紫色的KMnO4(消毒),先清洗後去梗,低速(以免將籽打碎)2、酵母懸液的準備:溫水(<40℃),使干酵母成糊狀,加入極少量蔗糖使酵母迅速發生作用。製備好酵母懸液標誌?出現氣泡3、裝瓶:不超過2/3,原因①在發酵開始前,酵母菌要進行需氧呼吸,1/3的空間為其提供氧氣;②發酵過程有大量CO2產生,會使發酵液溢出,使發酵液損失,且瓶口等處會被許多雜菌污染4、25-30度,16%。停止出現氣泡。兩層紗布過濾,除去葡萄籽和皮,用手擠壓濾渣,獲得更多。分裝(1-2L

【生物】不得不知道的實驗操作知識點(三)三、果酒及果醋的製作1、成熟紫葡萄,鮮紅紫色的KMnO4(消毒),先清洗後去梗,低速(以免將籽打碎)2、酵母懸液的準備:溫水(<40℃),使干酵母成糊狀,加入極少量蔗糖使酵母迅速發生作用。製備好酵母懸液標誌?出現氣泡3、裝瓶:不超過2/3,原因①在發酵開始前,酵母菌要進行需氧呼吸,1/3的空間為其提供氧氣;②發酵過程有大量CO2產生,會使發酵液溢出,使發酵液損失,且瓶口等處會被許多雜菌污染4、25-30度,16%。停止出現氣泡。兩層紗布過濾,除去葡萄籽和皮,用手擠壓濾渣,獲得更多。分裝(1-2L混合液,葡萄籽,發酵液,水族箱,脫脂棉,甘露醇,CO2,蛋白腖

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